This is the Judo blog of Lance Wicks. In this blog I cover mainly Judo and related topics. My Personal blog is over at where I cover more geeky topics. Please do leave comments on what you read or use the Contact Me form to send me an email with your thoughts and ideas.

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University of Bath, Bsc Block 3, Day 1. 

Well folks, welcome back to my blog posts about my ongoing education at the University of Bath. In this my 5th year at TeamBath, I am determined to complete my goal of blogging about everyday I spend here. This is the last residential block I shall have here and for me I can see the finish line approaching.

Of course between here and there is a few HUGE hurdles in the form of 17,500 words of work to produce between now and May 11th. Including completing my research project looking at the attack rates at the Beijing Olympic games.

I am sat here in my student accommodation (ground floor, thank goodness!) after my first day and I have a chance to reflect...

The day started with the normal welcome to the block, get the timetable etc meeting in the Dojo. Aftr which we had a keynote lecture/practical with Roy Inman on drills. It seems to work well to start with a big practical Judo session, everyone always seems to enjoy it, I did.

The session itself was focussed around delivering Judo drills, and reminding us to understand the principles at work and being able to develop drills that develop players skills. The later part of the session was focussed on drills for “Golden Score” Judo, specifically, winning off the initial grip.

The quote of the day was Roy's description of what we were doing. He said we were developing drills to “punish the grip pattern”. In other words, drilling throws that were countering the opponent's gripping pattern. Meaning that you need to understand what the opponents grip pattern is trying to give them, then devising a way to negate this and take advantage of it most effectively/efficiently.

There are those that deny grip fighting is part of Judo, or at least that it “should” be part of Judo. Describing it like a cancer on the art that is Judo and the anti-thesis of the principles of Judo. I think that a session like Roy's invalidates that position. It is/was all about the principle of using the opponent's strengths against them. We were trying to find the path of least resistance, the most effective use of our energy. Everything that Judo is supposed to be about.

The kumi kata nay-sayers could do with attending a session like this one as really did show the principles of Judo apply and can be applied to grip fighting.

Later in the day we had a big sit down with Mike Callan about our Bsc research project.
Our course has since last year moved from the department of life long learning to the department of education, so “things have changed”. Specifically our research project assignment outline and marking criteria has changed a heck of a lot!

It is irritating to have the goal posts moved like this, you can imagine the situation, we first started this assignment last April and lots of work has been done. Now with a very short period of time remaining, much has changed. One wonders why we were not allowed to complete the assignment we were set, seeing as we had already started it?

Personally I am not that bothered by it all as I, to be completely honest here, had not really got into the actual writing of the body of work properly, so making structural changes of the type required of us is less of a burden than it is for some of my colleagues who had put more word down on paper in a coherent form using the old format/requirements.

This evening I attended the Randori session, which as always was very busy. I being in the poor physical shape I am suffered somewhat. As I struggled I was reminded of another conversation I had during the day discussing why you need to get fit for Judo and not use Judo as a method of getting fit. Long story, short; Judo is incredibly hard work and it kills ya if you are not fit. Especially in an environment where the players are both it AND skilled. The randori was topped off by my being knocked out momentarily/partially! :-) One moment I am being dragged about the mat by someone's son, the next I am on my knees with no recollection of how I got there. I do remember a rather large forearm getting bigger and bigger in my eyes however. ;-)

After excusing myself a little early from the Randori, I spent some time “recuperating” with a cold liquid refreshment and some good conversation. This carried on from the earlier conversation I had at my meal before Randori in fact.

As I have mentioned many times in this blog in the past; one of the (if not THE) most important elements of the course is the opportunity to spend time with the incredible people who attend. Today alone I have discussed elite Olympic level Judo, talent ID and selection, the history of British Judo from pre-1908, strength & conditioning, sociological factors affecting membership and performance. And all of this is outside of the formal learning, this is conversation over coffees, teas, beers, etc.
It is an amazing situation to be able to discuss with well informed Judo people the various subjects we discuss in between lectures or over a drink or meal. Absolutely mind shattering really!

Tomorrow, I shall be attending lectures on Olympic Partnerships, Managing the performance athlete and finding sponsors. As well as spending some time working on my assignments and research. Not to forget the priceless time spent “shooting the breeze” with other Judoka.


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On Critical Analysis and being a Judo coach. 

One of the most important skills any Judoka and in particular any Judo coach can have is the ability to look at things critically and assess the value of what they read, see or hear. In this post I shall briefly outline what I mean by this and why it matters, as well as covering a little about how to develop this skill.


When I was a young Judo player, my coach always told me to practice every technique I was shown, then AFTER learning it properly decide if it was “for me”. It was my first exposure to critical analysis. Later when I watched videos and competitions I learnt to identify the techniques that I could try to incorporate into my Judo. Later I learnt about the tactics players employed and if they would work in my situation.

As a coach, I have learned to listen to what other coaches say and teach, and to ignore the chaff and keep what I think is useful. I have also learned that Judo is not just about throwing or groundwork. There is preparation and tactics to consider too. As a coach I need to decide what my opinion on weight lifting is, or more specifically what I think it is in the context i might be at the time. I need to decide if a Judo throw is valuable to teach to a player, or if it is above their level, below their level or just plain not something I want them to learn.

I need to read books, journal articles, watch videos, competitions and training sessions. I need to take all this information and decide what is worthwhile and what I can afford to ignore. This is the essence of what I call critical analysis.

Critical analysis for Judo and Judo coaches matters, and here is why. We have limited time to work with Judoka to improve and prepare them for competition or for recreation for that matter. No matter what our goal as a coach, kids classes or national squad, we need to be able to assess new ideas and methods and make a decision about there worth to us.

Here is an example that outlines the difficulties and the importance of critical analysis:
Children have limited attention spans, they are also easily distracted. I might read a (hypothetical) journal article that suggests that banning parents increases concentration in children by 10%. Do I ban parents from watching my sessions?

What I need to do is consider this information along with other information I know and also look at the information and decide how important it is. In this example we shall say that the study was done by a club coach in say... the UK. It was based on one night he had no parents watch and he “felt” the kids concentrated more.

I bet at this point you are saying, this is a rubbish study, not worth the paper it was printed on right? Well what if that coach happened to be Jigoro Kano himself? Would that influence your opinion? Yes, it would right? And so it should, one of the things you need to consider when assessing new information is the source and Kano is a good source.
of course you also need to consider the size of the study. In this hypothetical study the size of the sample is tiny, so this is a negative for the study. It could well outweigh the source. This is an important point, just because a piece of information comes from a trusted source like a high grade or a senior coach, it is not necessarily good information. you need to look at more variables than just the source. Where did the person give this information? Was it at the pub? Or in a peer reviewed journal? On a forum or on a respected website?

Now... what about Judo stuff you ask, this scientific stuff is all well and good but if Koga shows me a Seoi Nage, then that is how I am going to teach it... he was awesome!
I, as a coach need to look at what Koga does and assess if it is appropriate in my situation, if I have a club full of 12 year old kyu grades then Koga's Seoi is not perhaps relevant to me. His use of Kuzushi, or Kumi Kata may be right, but the actual throw might be beyond my students.

You need to look at your club and assess what you are trying to achieve and what you are doing as a coach. For example, if you are teaching a competition session, you may wish to re-consider teaching sutemi waza as it is often countered and what I would call a “high risk” technique. Everytime you put your back on the ground in a competition you take a risk that it will go horribly wrong and you shall be scored against. So as a coach you need to critically assess if a technique is suitable to be taught even if it is a valid throw that some of your students could score with. Is the risk outweighed by the opportunity?

The same goes for exercises, dills and games. Have you looked at them in your context and made a conscious decision that the drill is suitable for your club. In my own experience, I taught Capoeira, where one of the fundamental movements/techniques is a full squat, with the knee going beyond 90 degrees. From my education in the gym I knew that this places considerable (excess) strain on the knees and that the rule of thumb was/is to never go down below 90 degrees.
But, the move (cocorinha) is a fundamental defensive move in Capoeira, if our students did not learn it, their progression and participation in Capoeira would be hampered considerably. After much consideration and debate amongst colleagues I/we decided to continue to teach the technique regardless of the risks as it was essential to the art of Capoeira. We did however, ensure that we treated the move as a risky exercise and informed all our students that we knee the risks to the knee and gave them the choice not to participate in that exercise.

In Judo, we have parallels, do you teach drop seoi and similar dropping techniques? Do you take the “safety first” approach and decide to protect knees by not doing it? Or do you look at it as an effective technique and teach it as your students will find it a throw they can use?

The question is have you collected and analysed the information surrounding you and made informed conscious decisions based on the information and your experience?

This is the art of coaching, the ability to merge science with experience and insight. Anyone can learn the knowledge and skills of coaching, but applying them appropriately is where the “coaching magic” occurs. It is where coaching goes from a science to an art.

Hopefully, this blog post will encourage you to review all the information available and to analyse it on many levels from many angles to become a better coach.

To close, I like to bring up Leonardo Da Vinci in this context. He was an amazing artist, he create great works of art. However, he was also a great student of art and of the subjects he painted/drew. He studied the human body in great detail, sketching the anatomy of humans, learning the bio mechanics of how the human body worked. He then used this science to create art, he applied his knowledge with insight and that is what made him the genius he was.

* Image from Wikipedia

To me we should all be aiming to be the Leonardo Da Vinci of Judo coaching, studying every aspect of Judo and then creating beautiful Judo by understanding Judo at a level only possible by building on layers and layers of knowledge that has been assessed, analysed and applied in just the right places.

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Training for coach player communication in competition. 

mr. grumpy-pants

There was recently a long (and at times heated) discussion on the BJA forum and also on about the Judo coaching matside changes and how this affects the nature of the game that is Judo.

I personally am opposed to the idea of coaches being removed from matside and also the idea that coaches are of no use to players other than for moral support.

My view is that matside coaching is valuable and that the value depends on the quality of information transfer between coach and player.

One or two well chosen words can have an effect on a match, we have all seen it. This ability of a coach to affect a player depends IMHO on the following factors:

Expertise and Experience of the coach.
The coach has to know what they are talking about, they also need to know and understand how to communicate in a competition situation. They need to learn how to apply themselves in communication to a player in competition.

Proper training
The player and the coach must develop a shared vocabulary and practice using it. They must understand one another and the coach in particular needs to know what the player needs to hear.

As a coach, no matter what level you work at, you need to consider developing your communication skills and the use of your voice to assist your player in competition.

Your role matside is multi-faceted. You are there to encourage AND inform your player.

Informing your player.
As well as encouraging and supporting your player, you must pass important information to your player also.

As coach, you must keep yourself detached from the emotions of the fight and watch objectively. You must be able to see the situations in the fight from an external perspective.

This is where you bring value to the match, your player is in the heat of the match, they can't see from your perspective. Your job is to give insight and to give it clearly.

In the future, more teams will hire video (and other) analysts and they will convey their perspectives to the coach; who will convey it to the player. The French we know have been trying this in some degree as the matside coaches at the 2008 World Championship apparently wore earpieces.

This is the future to Judo coaching matside, despite what the IJF seems to think I feel. We the Judo coaches will eventually learn from our colleagues in Rugby, American Football, Soccer, etc and learn that our role at competition is not to provide emotional support. Nor is it to command players what to do.

It is our role to give information to players so that they can use that information to change their performance to win the fight.

Communicating does not, as is suggested by some, create players who can not think for themselves. Communication expands the inputs that players have at their disposal. It makes the game of Judo more sophisticated for the players and for you as coaches.

Your homework is to learn how to understand a match whilst underway and to convey useful information to your player during the fight. This will be different for each match, for each player and each coach; and for every combination of match, players and coach.

And you thought coaching was easy huh?!

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Neil Adams to go to Belgium. 

News just in....

Neil Adams (Welsh Coach, and Superstar on British Judo) has announced via the BJA forum that he is going to Belgium.


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Why do people visit continental union websites? 

Hi everyone,
well Karma has done it's thing and having abused the BJA website for so long I am now in a position where they'll have more opportunity to abuse me.

This week I agreed to redesign the Oceania Judo Union website ( ).

Having put a lot of thought and effort into what a site for a national federation should be like, I find myself in a position where I have not considered... why do people visit continental union websites?

Have you ever visited your union's website?
If so please leave a comment or email me and tell me why you visited, what you were looking to do, were you able to do so, etc.

On the OJU website a large priority is creating a presence for the World Cup to be held in Samoa this year. So I am planning all the good stuff like online registration and payment, live updates of results, video/audio streams too. Of course much of that is limited by the location and people in attendance. I may have to try and talk my wife into us taking a holiday in Samoa this year eh?!

But the question remains, what is the purpose of the website? Why would people visit it, what would they be looking to do on the site?

I'd appreciate any input folks.



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